October 06, 2021: Asian markets resumed their retreat Wednesday as a strong lead from Wall Street was overshadowed by ongoing worries about a range of issues from rising inflation, tighter monetary policy, a possible US debt default, and the ever-present threat of the Delta variant.
The rally enjoyed across equities for more than a year has met a roadblock in recent months as supply chain problems and a surge in energy prices caused by a recovery in demand has led to a sustained spike in inflation.
That has put increasing pressure on central banks around the world to wind in the ultra-loose monetary policies put in place last year to battle the impact of the pandemic and which have been key to the rebound in the global economy as well as markets.
And investors are not happy, with some now warning that continuously high prices combined with signs that global growth is slowing could lead to a period of stagflation.
The Federal Reserve is widely expected to soon announce it will begin cutting back its massive bond-buying programme, with interest rates possibly rising as soon as next year, while other central banks have also hinted at moves soon or have already acted.
On Wednesday, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand announced a first rate rise in seven years, joining the banks of South Korea and Norway.
A healthy study showing a forecast-beating improvement in the US services sector in September added to the argument for the Fed to act.
“The survey revealed business activity and new orders continued to rise at a solid pace in September, pointing to the US economy's solid resilience notwithstanding the Delta Covid wave and supporting the view the Fed will likely announce a… tapering plan at its next meeting early in November,” said National Australia Bank's Rodrigo Catril.
Wall Street's three main indexes rallied Tuesday, the day after suffering a painful rout but Asia was unable to follow suit.
Tokyo, Hong Kong and Seoul fell around one percent with Sydney, Wellington and Taipei also in the red.
Singapore, Manila and Jakarta posted gains. Shanghai remained closed until Friday for a holiday.
– Credit rating warning –
And there were warnings of more fluctuations to come.
“For the last five or six months we've entered a period of kind of a mini-cycle in the US where you've got a changing Fed regime, and we are at the extended end of a recovery,” Kieran Calder, of Union Bancaire Privee, told Bloomberg Television.
“It leaves the market vulnerable to external shocks and increased volatility.”
Crude edged higher but was stable after shooting up more than four percent to multi-year highs in the past two days after OPEC and other major producers refused to lift output despite the rally in prices and concerns about the impact on inflation.
“The group is clearly concerned about the potential hit to demand in the coming months if Covid wreaks havoc once more and restrictions are reimposed,” said OANDA's Craig Erlam.
Democratic Senate leader Chuck Schumer warned of a US credit rating downgrade if lawmakers fail to raise the debt ceiling, with the country in danger of a catastrophic default.
“Unfortunately, sadly and confoundingly, too many Republicans seem proud of this moment where they're pushing us to the edge of default, and possible downgrade,” Schumer told a news conference.
“Even now, the credit rating agencies are saying there's a possibility of downgrade way before the 18th, which would cost American consumers, American businesses, the American economy, a lot. After the last downgrade, there were lasting effects for years.”
The crisis at Chinese developer Evergrande continues to cast a shadow as the firm drowns in a sea of debt worth more than $300 billion and struggling to find the money to stay afloat.
While many observers have said they do not see the issue causing a major threat to the global economy, the potential impact its collapse could have on China's crucial property sector is still a huge cause for concern.
“Evergrande is a long way from being contained, quite the opposite, in fact,” warned OANDA's Erlam. “Trading remains suspended on Evergrande's shares, while other developers are now falling victim to the crunch.
“This is only starting to unravel and while there is clearly a massive effort occurring in the background to raise funds to repay investors and keep projects moving, there is an enormous amount of damage limitation still to do.”
– Key figures around 0230 GMT –
Tokyo – Nikkei 225: DOWN 1.0 percent at 27,544.06 (break)
Hong Kong – Hang Seng Index: DOWN 1.1 percent at 23,846.23
Shanghai – Composite: Closed for a holiday
West Texas Intermediate: FLAT at $78.94 per barrel
Brent North Sea crude: UP 0.1 percent at $82.61 per barrel
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.1594 from $1.1600 at 2040 GMT
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.3619 from $1.3627
Euro/pound: UP at 85.13 pence from 85.10 pence
Dollar/yen: UP at 111.62 yen from 111.49 yen
New York – Dow: UP 0.9 percent at 34,314.67 (close)
London – FTSE 100: UP 0.9 percent at 7,077.10 (close)